Robot and CommandOpMode

Organizing your code with the Robot class and CommandOpMode.

NOTE: We recommend using the CommandOpMode for your implementation of the command-based paradigm as it is much friendlier for FTC programs.

The Robot Class

The Robot class makes using the CommandScheduler so much simpler in the user's code. Similar to WPILib, the Robot class allows for making a Robot paradigm. This allows for the creation of multiple opmodes tied to one object. This is also the basis for disabling the robot, meaning we want to interrupt the commands and not allow for scheduling new ones. This is done with the static disable() and enable() methods:

// disable the Robot

// enable the Robot

Creating a Robot Class

The first step in using the Robot paradigm is to create your own Robot subclass. This will maintain all of the commands and subsystems you want to utilize. Also note that you can schedule and register new commands and subsystems from outside the Robot class using the schedule() and register() methods.

A major downside of the Robot class is that it shares the common commands and subsystems for every use in the OpModes. A recommendation is to create an enum inside of your robot implementation that specifies TeleOp versus Autonomous so that when the object is constructed, it uses the desired CommandScheduler instance.

Below is an example of utilizing this feature.

// ... in (extends Robot)

// enum to specify opmode type
public enum OpModeType {

// the constructor with a specified opmode type
public MyRobot(OpModeType type) {
    if (type == OpModeType.TELEOP) {
    } else {

 * Initialize teleop or autonomous, depending on which is used
public void initTele() {
    // initialize teleop-specific scheduler

public void initAuto() {
    // initialize auto-specific scheduler

// ... in your opmode

// our robot object
Robot m_robot = new MyRobot(MyRobot.OpModeType.TELEOP);

A downside that cannot be fixed by this is when you want to run several different opmodes of the different types with respect to the same subsystems. This is where the CommandOpMode comes in handy and makes the paradigm a lot more FTC-friendly.

Running the Robot in Your OpMode

Running the robot in the opmode is simple and only requires a few lines of code and making a call to the run() method.

// assumes we have created an enum called OpModeType as seen
// in the previous section
Robot m_robot = new MyRobot(MyRobot.OpModeType.AUTO);

// run the command scheduler tied to that robot instance
while (opModeIsActive() && !isStopRequested()) {;
m_robot.reset();    // resets the scheduler instance


The CommandOpMode is the center of the FTC-centric command-based paradigm. It makes everything simpler for the user and greatly decreases the amount of code needed to run everything. Unlike the Robot class, it is opmode-specific, so it does not store a common reference to subsystems. If desired, the user can create a map that houses all of the referenced hardware, but this is currently not a feature offered (but totally supported) by FTCLib.

If desired, the user can override the methods from the CommandOpMode. Similarly to the Robot class, you can disable the CommandOpMode with static methods (which actually disable the Robot class, which is what is referenced in the CommandScheduler for runsWhenDisabled() commands.

Initializing your Hardware

CommandOpMode is an abstract class, which means the user must create their own implementation of it. The only method that needs to be implemented is the initialize() method, which instantiates all of the hardware and commands to be run by the scheduler. The CommandOpMode class already implements the runOpMode() method and runs the scheduler. After the opmode is no longer active or a stop is requested, it resets the instance of the scheduler so a new opmode can be run with a fresh instance. This is very nonintuitive, but it works as designed (setting the singleton instance to null, where a new instance is then created upon calling getInstance().

// in your implementation of CommandOpMode

public void initialize() {
    // iniialize hardware

    // schedule all commands
    // register unregistered subsystems

That is functionally all that needs to be done, everything else is done for the user internally. You can find a sample project utilizing CommandOpMode here.

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